Spin Torque Efficiency and Analytic Error Rate Estimates of Skyrmion Racetrack Memory

Author(s)
Dieter Suess, Christoph Vogler, Florian Bruckner, Paul Heistracher, Florian Slanovc, Class Abert
Abstract

In this paper, the thermal stability of skyrmion bubbles and the critical currents to move them over pinning sites were investigated. For the used pinning geometries and the used parameters, the unexpected behavior is reported that the energy barrier to overcome the pinning site is larger than the energy barrier of the annihilation of a skyrmion. The annihilation takes place at boundaries by current driven motion, as well as due to the excitation over energy barriers, in the absence of currents, without forming Bloch points. It is reported that the pinning sites, which are required to allow thermally stable bits, significantly increase the critical current densities to move the bits in skyrmion-like structures to about J(crit) = 0.62 TA/m(2). The simulation shows that the applied spin transfer model predicts experimentally obtained critical currents to move stable skyrmions at room temperature well, which is in contrast to simulations based on spin orbit torque that predict significantly too low critical currents. By calculating the thermal stability, as well as the critical current, we can derive the spin torque efficiency eta = Delta E/I-c = 0.19 k(B)T(300)/mu A, which is in a similar range to the simulated spin torque efficiency of MRAM structures. Finally, it is shown that the stochastic depinning process of any racetrack-like device requires an extremely narrow depinning time distribution smaller than similar to 6% of the current pulse length to reach bit error rates smaller than 10(-9).

Organisation(s)
Physics of Functional Materials
Journal
Scientific Reports
Volume
9
No. of pages
17
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41062-y
Publication date
03-2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
Materials physics
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/spin-torque-efficiency-and-analytic-error-rate-estimates-of-skyrmion-racetrack-memory(40a21e14-52ec-4281-ad3f-d0adea99a299).html